Hibernate with Annotation

Here hibernate application can be created with annotation. There are many annotations that can be used to create hibernate application such as @Entity, @Id, @Table etc.

Hibernate Annotations are based on the JPA 2 specification and supports all the features.

All the JPA annotations are defined in the javax.persistence.* package. Hibernate EntityManager implements the interfaces and life cycle defined by the JPA specification.

The core advantage of using hibernate annotation is that you don't need to create mapping (hbm) file. Here, hibernate annotations are used to provide the meta data.

Example to create the hibernate application with Annotation

There are 4 steps to create the hibernate application with annotation.

  1. Add the jar file for oracle (if your database is oracle) and annotation
  2. Create the Persistent class
  3. Add mapping of Persistent class in configuration file
  4. Create the class that retrieves or stores the persistent object

Add the jar file for oracle and annotation: For oracle you need to add ojdbc14.jar file. For using annotation, you need to add:

  1. hibernate-commons-annotations.jar
  2. ejb3-persistence.jar
  3. hibernate-annotations.jar

Create the Persistent class:

Here, we are creating the same persistent class which we have created in the previous topic. Be that as it may, here, we are using annotation.

@Entity annotation marks this class as an entity.

@Table annotation specifies the table name where data of this entity is to be persisted. In the event that you don't use @Table annotation, hibernate will use the class name as the table name by default.

@Id annotation marks the identifier for this entity.

@Column annotation specifies the details of the segment for this property or field. In the event that @Column annotation is not specified, property name will be used as the segment name by default.


package com.javatportal;  
import javax.persistence.Entity;  
import javax.persistence.Id;  
import javax.persistence.Table;  
@Table(name= "emp600")  
public class Employee {  
private int id;  
private String firstName,lastName;  
public int getId() {  
    return id;  
public void setId(int id) {  
    this.id = id;  
public String getFirstName() {  
    return firstName;  
public void setFirstName(String firstName) {  
    this.firstName = firstName;  
public String getLastName() {  
    return lastName;  
public void setLastName(String lastName) {  
    this.lastName = lastName;  

Add mapping of Persistent class in configuration file

open the hibernate.cgf.xml file, and add an entry of mapping resource

<mapping class="com.javatportal.Employee"/>


 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
          "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"


 <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">create</property>
 <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle9Dialect</property>
 <property name="connection.url">jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe</property>
 <property name="connection.username">system</property>
 <property name="connection.password">oracle</property>
 <property name="connection.driver_class">oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</property>
 <mapping class="com.javatportal.Employee"/>


Create the class that retrieves or stores the persistent object

package com.javatportal.mypackage;  
package com.javatportal;  
import org.hibernate.*;  
import org.hibernate.cfg.*;  
public class Test {  
public static void main(String[] args) {  
    Session session=new AnnotationConfiguration()  
    Transaction t=session.beginTransaction();  
    Employee e1=new Employee();  
    Employee e2=new Employee();  
    System.out.println("successfully saved");